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Augustine was established in , there were two polities on the Georgia coast that roughly corresponded to the Guale chiefdom, which was centered along the inland waterways of Sapelo River, and the Mocama chiefdom, which extended from St. Simon Island to the St. John's River. The southern boundary of the Guale territory lay at or just south of the mouth of the Altamaha River, between the southernmoost Guale chiefdom of Asajo-Talaje on the north bank near present-day Darien and the northernmost Mocama chiefdom of Guadalquini on the southern tip of Saint Simons Island.

The said District was purchased from the Choctaw nation by the British superintendent of Indian affairs at a treaty held at Mobile in May , and the lines as above described were marked and surveyed by me in This description it must be observed contains no eastern boundary. When the West Florida was conquered and transferred to Spain, Natchez district was held: [73] The Spanish Natchez District was similar in its geographic and administrative lines to the old British district.

Its boundary was approximately the same. No portion of this district extended more than twenty five miles direct from the river. To demarcate the boundary, Spain and Portugal nemd commisions in Why not Patagonia : Though there are laws which establish the Spanish jurisdiction over the Patagonia, also those same sources establish the Spanish jurisdiction over the continental part of China. With the exception of a few heavily defended Spanish outposts along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, native peoples claimed and enjoyed sovereignty in this vast region known as Patagonia by the Europeans, It was not until the late nineteenth century that the pampas grasslands, the Patagonian steppes, and the southern cordilleran highlands of the Andes called Araucania fell under the political dominion of the Argentine and Chilean states.

After the second and definitive foundation of Buenos Aires in , almost two hundred years would elapse before the establishment of new Spanish settlements in Patagonia. Beyond them to south and west lay hostile Indian territory. Ansiosos de dominarlo fundaron nuevas ciudades [ And the text continues with the established cities, which we can see in a map in the following page Even in Carmen de Patagones continued being an enclave, but belonging to Argentina.

Why not Amazonia : The claim of Tordesillas is not depicted [] It was from these vantage points that conflicting Spanish and Portuguese activity and contested claims of sovereignty were played out in the interior of South America. Newitt; Routledge page 56 The famous Treaty of Tordesillas, the first of two signed on 7 June By the terms of this agreement Portugal retained its claims to lands and and oceans up to a line leagues west of Cape Verde while Castile could claim rights over lands so far to the west Nevertheless, opposite to the slightly realistic character of this delimiting which ignored the geography of the new lands, the treaty of Tordesillas of concluded between Spain and Portugal, it granted to the Portuguese a sensitive extension of his territorial rights of leagues in the western part.

Although it has been argued that the diplomats who negociated the Tordesillas agreement were concerned only with the Atlantic Ocean and its islands, the treaty soon became the basis on with claims to sovereignty were extended over lands and peoples noy only unconquered but even undiscovered. Este acuerdo fue un marco de referencia, en el sentido de que fue uno de los primeros en establecer zonas de influencia entre las potencias When D.

This delimitation of zones influence was the beginning of a diplomatic practice that would go there being extended during more than three centuries and a half and that would finish for demanding almost a dozen of new treaties. This agreement was a frame of reference, to the effect that he was one of the first ones in establishing zones of influence between the powers.

We have seen that in the treaty signed on June 7, establishes a period of ten months in order that Portuguese and Castilian experts establish the location of the "raya" boundary. So constant it has been this doubt in the series of the times that it has never managed to declare itself with the precision and accuracy that it was needed, and this way, though several authors geographers and historians have spoken about it, not solving any perfectly, it is necessary it must be maintained pending the judgment, encircled only to the news of having a meridian so-called of demarcation, and at those of its bases and controversies, but without coming to know the places with which it should be understood placed; main point that it is necessary to investigate in order that with its knowledge there could be known by firmness what countries are those that legitimately belong to Portugal.

The treaty of Tordesillas was approved by the Pontiff. Nevertheless, the difficulties existing at the time to measure the meridians and the ambiguity of the document - that it did not clarify if it had to measure the distance in Spanish or Portuguese leagues that were different and from which island-, they left in doubt the scope of the granted rights and, in consequence, Castile and Portugal prepared to assure its jurisdictions by means of the effective occupation of the territories, conquering regions that they were considering to be assigned by virtue of the above mentioned agreement.

I, on the right that the Society of Jesus acquired many years ago in the conquest of the gentiles of this Amazon river, I was sent the year one thousand six hundred and eighty six, on order of my superiors to the province of Omaguas and to indoctrinate and to abridge them to the Catholic faith. Thirty eight villages are, between small and larger, placed in islands of The Amazon, which all, with many other villages of different nations, received, with big my consolation, the Gospel of Jesus Christ, without any contradiction or uprising.

It is marked the Philippines and the forts of Taiwan in Tamsui and Keelung: [] Another post was founded at Tamsui in The Spanish built a very solid stone fortress at Keelung and fairly substantial fortifications at Tamsui, and, in , were reported to have Spanish and Filipino soldiers at Keelung, probably more than the Dutch could have mustered in the south.

Why not Borneo : In the magazine Berceo , we see this article page that the Captain General indicated the disadvantages of conquering Sulu Sultanate , since "it is branched out inside the limit of the Dutch pretensions". The problem takes root in the relation between Sulu and the north of Borneo, for example the Pope was the suzerain of the kingdom of Naples, but Naples did not belong to Papal States , the kingdoms of Taifa were tributaries of the Christian Spanish kingdoms, but not because of it they belonged to the Christian Spanish kings.

Was the north of Borneo included? For the British , [] Spaniards would try to claim north Borneo , and no time should be lost to prevent In view of the British interests, and their reluctancy to accepting the agreement of , [] the Spanish government answered that his government had no intention of occupying north-east Borneo, but could not abandon its suzerainty over the Sultan, whose possesions extended to north-east Borneo.

It would, however, maintain its rights to sovereignty in parts tributary to the Sultan. Finally, in the Britain-Spain-Germany agreement of March Its basis was the recognition of Spanish sovereignty in the islands, and the withdrawal of Spanish claims in respect of Sulu's claims in northern Borneo [] Hereby according to article III of the treaty of , North Borneo was a Spanish claim, and therefore it is not shaded in the map.

Here another detailed map []. The sources are: 1. Spain of the Austrias, the same as that of the Catholic Kings, it does not have political unit. So, Philip IV was head of a conglomerate of crowns, kingdoms and states of the most diverse legal characterization. And in each of them, the monarch reigned with a different title and with different and unequal power [ Following the traditional style of the Hapsburg, this union of Crowns of was another dynastic union, aeque principaliter , carefully planned to assure the survival of the Portuguese identity, as well as that of its empire.

The previous conditions of this intention seem to be situated so much in the constitutional structure of the Spanish Monarchy, with its inconvinient combination of centralized government and royalty absentee as in the politics followed by Madrid since twenty previous years. At the time of Philip II reg. He added Portugal to his kingdom in , thereby bringing the entire Iberian peninsula under his control. Within Spain proper, Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia had their own laws and tax systems; Portugal retained its separate system from its incorporation in to its independence in ; and Sicily had its own legislature and tax structure.

Y como limites vnicos para distinguirlas, conserua V. So that, though all of them the crowns come together in V. Majesty, each one is different from the other. And only limits to distinguish retains V. Another important aspect about the brief of the lawsuit is the distinction that is done constantly between Philip III like King of the Spanish monarchy and as King of Castile. Philip III has a duty to keep the privileges of the Crown of Castile, but at the same time, the obligation of ensure the interests of the Spanish monarchy as a whole. Common organisms exist: the Council of War, the Council of State, but they are turned rather towards the diplomatic and military matters.

The great politics, the foreign policy, is an exclusive issue of the sovereign one; only is demanded from the peoples that they contribute with the taxes. To a higher level, the Council of State, composed in its most, but not always in sole right, for Castilian counselors, it was kept in reserve as last instance, at least nominally, of making of decisions and of political coordination observant to the interests of the monarchy in its entirety.

This did not exist in the compound English monarchy of the 17th century. Aspects of European History, , written by Stephen J. The conciliar system, used by Ferdinand and Isabella to increase the power of the Crown, was the key. In the Council of the Indies was set up to supervise the administration of Spain's colonies in America, and was partially modelled on the Council of Castile [ The page 40 shows the Spanish Councils in the sixteenth century and that all these Councils did depend upon the Crown, and among them was the Council of Portugal with its viceroy, together with the Council of Aragon, of Flanders, of Castile The various kingdoms on the Iberian Peninsula had their own financial regulations, currencies and customs barriers.

As John Lynch observed, Fernando and Isabel gave Spain a common government but not a common administrarion. The king rule varied in structure and power from kingdom to kingdom, city to city [ The various states were united only in the person of the king [ These were of two kinds: territorial and nonterritorial. First in importance among the territorial councils were the Council od Castile which was also the supreme judicial court, established in and the Council of State The latter was concerned primarly with foreign affairs.

The other territorial councils were the Indies , Italy , Portugal , Flanders and Aragon [ Elliot, Ed. These grants of Philip meant that, although the Iberian peninsula were finally joined into a single person of an alone monarch, Portugal continued to be, even more than Aragon and Catalonia, a semiindependent, associated, unincorporated to the Crown of Castile [ This meant a huge increase in power for the Spanish monarchy, which appeared before his rivals as an invincible colossus mounted over the world.

All of them they turned out to be victims of the fiscal requirements and military men of the Spanish Crown. I mean, Sire, that you should not be content to be King of Portugal, of Aragon, of Valencia and Count of Barcelona but you should direct all your work and thought, with the most experienced and secret advice, to reduce these realms which make up Spain to the same order and legal system as Castile, that if Your Majesty reaches it will be the most powerful prince of the world. Incorporation of Portugal to the Spanish Crown.

The friction between the expansionist policies of Castile and Portugal had raised to the Catholic Kings the goal of the peninsular union, pursued through the union of matrimonial relationships. Days before the claimant Antonio prior of Crato supported by the people and the lesser clergy is proclaimed a king fleeing after the entry of the duke of Alba's army and the threat of the Marquess of Santa Cruz's squadron. Whittaker and co.

Philip II had made good his claims to the Portuguese throne by force, and the little kingdom did not regain its independence until , when Spanish power was well on the decline. Consequently, the Spanish monarch was also ruler of Brazil, and the mamelucos of Sao Paulo, as well as the Jesuit mission Indians, were his subjects. In , during the anexion Portugal and its colonies to the Spanish Empire, the government of the former Portuguese possession of Brazil is removed Philip IV and the Government of Spain, , written by R.

Stradling published by Cambridge University Press , p. Depiction : It has been placed dots in the Portuguese empire, since the Portuguese presence was limited to punctual zones during it has not been included the commercial area but the administrative presence. There are written sources that describe that the Portuguese established in strong points at the coast whereas Brazil appears as coastal zone, [] General view: [] : spaced stations along the African coast which the Portuguese had established and enjoyed for a century [] : By , when the Portuguese Empire apart from Brazil remained no more than a string of forts and islands running from West Africa to Macau [ Indeed the Estado da India has even been represented as being in essence little more than a network of trade routes.

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So it may be appropiate to recall the exent of Portugal's territorial empire in the East and how the Portuguese envisaged its expansion and development. There were some fifty fortresses protecting Portuguese trading factories and the larger commercial towns. Such sovereignty could only be exercised over those lands which had been formally incorporated into the Estado da India, either by conquest or by treaty, and therefore designated as a possessao of the crown.

In fact, direct Portuguese influence on the Gold Coast extended little beyond the castle walls, and certainly not beyond the adjoining Afrivcn villages. Such were the feitorias in Banda, Makassar, Martaban and Tenasserim. It was the only area where they could have attemted at an early date to dreate a form of colonial administration that would not only have safeguarded their commercial interests and protected their Christian missions but might also have achieved for them a measure of control over the territories that produced the goods in which they traded.

The Portuguese had no jurisdiction beyond theit forts, which were built with the permission of the local chiefs on land that was formally leased for the purpose. Although called a 'state', the Estado da India existed largely without population or territory, in some respects almost a metaphisical state, consisting of abstract rights and claims [ However this metaphisical state had some outlying centres of real authority. There were the fortresses established to uphold and protect the commercial monopolies of the Crown.

This was follewed shortly afterwards by the expulsion of English and Dutch traders from the Amazon stuary. The first Portuguese settlements were fortresses, as the Lusitanians sought to secure the basin for Portugal and drive the English, French, and Dutch from the area. Immediately after this a Portuguese expedicionay force was sent to found a settlement on the Amazon. Native communities around the shores of the enormous estuary were all but destroyed.

So preocupied was Spain with the fabulous riches of this viceroyalty that little effort was made to extend its jurisdiction up to the line of Tordesillas. The second was in response to a French incursion in Maranhao which finally repulsed in In ten years of fighting he succeeded in establishing forts along the Cuanza river valley but made no further progress towards the interior. Moreover the fighting destroyed any hopes of large-scale settlement [] Colonization had proceeded slowly, and was limited to Luanda and its environs, and Benguela. The Portuguese military advance into the Kwanza region aimed at confronting the king of Ndongo and entailed the construction of fortified outposts in conquered territories.

Following the Portuguese victories, garrisons were established on the north side of the Kwanza River at Massangano , Cambambe , Ambaca , Dondo , Cassanje , Golungo , and Pungo-Andongo On the south side of the river, fortifications were constructed at Muxima , Benguela Velha , Benguela , and Caconda a Velha The result of this advance was the creation of a discontinous territorial space centered on garrisons and markets, organized along a network of land routes which ran along the same paths as the internal slave trade and upon which circulated Africans, traders, and doldiers in permanent movement to and frm Luanda.

This lack of effectiveness was due to two factors. First, the Portuguese did not establish an efficient local administration. The Portuguese took over Muslim trading posts established in thje fifteenth century at Sena and Tete to deal with the gold-producing kingdom of the Monotapa, centred on what is now Zimbabwe, and also installed themselves at Sofala. Settlement of the Zambezi area proceeded during the seventeenth cenury through a system of granting land concessions prazos to Portuguese subjects, who ran them as feudal landlords under the Portuguese Crown.

It thus creates an expectation among all those who wish to go and have an experience in another country of the European Union or set up a project with European partners. As this programme is intended for all Europeans, this does not send out a very good message because every European who does not speak English thus feels excluded from this programme. When will the Commission publish this information in all the languages of the Union? Why did the Commission decide to publish it only in English, thus creating a feeling of exclusion among all the citizens who do not speak English, instead of waiting until it had a translation available for all the languages before publishing?

Proprio ieri i residenti a meno di 5 chilometri dal vulcano erano stati fatti rientrare nelle proprie abitazioni dopo l'evacuazione di gennaio scorso. I danni umani e materiali provocati dall'eruzione non sono stati ancora stimati completamente e si teme che prossime eruzioni possano provocare nuove vittime. Geological Survey, apparecchiature e assistenza tecnica in loco e a distanza al Centro indonesiano di vulcanologia e attenuazione dei rischi geologici.


According to the latest reports, at least 14 people on the Indonesian island of Sumatra have been killed in the aftermath of the eruption of Mount Sinabung, and local authorities fear that the death toll could rise further in the coming hours. The last few months in particular have seen intensified volcanic activity, and the risk of further explosive eruptions due to the nature of the stratovolcano with even more devastating effects cannot be ruled out.

A comprehensive estimate of the human and material damage caused by the disaster is not yet available, amid fears that continuing eruptions could lead to further deaths. In connection with this natural disaster, is the Commission aware of any volcanological studies concerning the volcanic activity of Mount Sinabung which could be used to map possible volcanic activity in the future? Does it intend to send humanitarian aid to help with the fallout from the eruption and mitigate the risks accompanying any future volcanic activity?

Geological Survey is currently providing on-site and remote technical assistance and equipment to the Indonesian Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation. It was found that the current response provided by the government with the support of local and private organisations covers the basic needs of the displaced populations and that therefore no extra support is required. They include for instance disaster awareness in case of volcanic eruption. In particolare, diverse associazioni di tutela e rivendicazione dei diritti delle persone diversamente abili in Europa lamentano l'insussistenza di una vera cultura dell'integrazione, che si riflette nelle carenze a livello dei servizi specifici e nell'inosservanza delle disposizioni che regolano il tema dell'abbattimento delle barriere architettoniche.

One billion people around the world are living with the reality of a disability. The UN has been paying particular attention to this subject since , and in it announced the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The intention behind this series of actions is to lay the foundations to provide means and resources which can be used to successfully integrate people living with disabilities into society. In truth, notwithstanding the legislative provisions resulting from the implementation of the UN document, there is often a failure to put these provisions into practice, resulting in difficulties for people with disabilities.

In particular, various associations representing the interests and asserting the rights of disabled people in Europe are critical of the lack of a true culture of integration, which is reflected in the absence of specific services and in the failure to comply with the provisions regulating the subject of the breakdown of architectural barriers. The Commission supports EU-level disability organisations through operating or action grants to, inter alia , strengthen their advocacy capacity in EU policy-making, and for communcation and awareness-raising activities.

In the programming period such funding was provided in particular through the Progress Programme. A comparable level of funding is foreseen under the new Rights and Citizenship Programme for One of the goals is to support the inclusion of people with disabilities in society and the work environment. Member States can mobilise ESIF resources to support the education, training and skills development of people with disabilities.

These resources can underpin education reform and also finance education infrastructure. De estas cinco plantas, tan solo una se encuentra actualmente en funcionamiento. Only one of these five plants is currently in use. Having reclaimed the plants, the authorities are now negotiating their sale or lease as commercial, industrial or warehousing premises, meaning that they would no longer be used for their planned purpose as livestock waste treatment facilities.

Is the Commission aware that only one of these five plants is currently operational? Is it correct for four out of five plants to be inactive? Does this indicate a misuse of ERDF funding? Has the Commission been informed by the Castellon provincial authorities of their intention to sell the five livestock waste treatment plants for other commercial purposes?

Does the Commission consider that the Castellon provincial authority is authorised to change the use and activities of these five ERDF-funded livestock waste treatment plants? If this plan to sell off the plants succeeds, would the Commission consider misuse of ERDF funding to have taken place? Should the Castellon provincial authority return the European funding committed to the project if the plants are used for an activity other than the treatment of livestock waste?

It is striking that, at a time when the Colombian Government and FARC insurgents are trying to establish a dialogue in order to put an end to the lengthy armed confrontation and achieve definitive peace, social and political movements that act peacefully and — like the Patriotic March — represent an alternative through the right of political opposition, are being repressed, murdered and incarcerated.

Is the High Representative thinking about publicly expressing her concerns and the need for the Colombian Government to implement specific, effective measures to ensure that every political guarantee is given so that the Patriotic March will be able to exercise its constitutional rights of political opposition, thus bringing an end to all manner of stigmatisation, labelling and prosecution?

Does the High Representative have proof that the Colombian Government is taking steps to provide the necessary protection? She follows closely the poltical developments in Colombia and in particular the issues related to human rights. The EU and Colombia have established a dialogue on human rights in whose framework all issues concerning human rights and freedoms are addressed, in particular the issue of effective protection measures for human rights defenders and other activists. Moreover, the European Union, at local level, is supporting human rights defenders, including trade unionists, through cooperation programmes and regular contacts with human rights organisations.

The proposal would be taken into consideration in the event of future bail-outs and, if applied in theory , it would have to be approved by the so-called troika of the IMF, European Central Bank and European Commission, as well as by the Eurogroup. Does the Commission think that the application of such a measure in a country might perhaps create situations whereby bank deposits are frozen in the rest of the Eurozone?

It seems that in the Spanish Government has once again delayed the payment of refunds to individuals and companies in an attempt to nominally reduce the deficit. Paying the refunds after the end of the financial year could be a factor that would enable the government to nominally meet its deficit target. Has the Commission received any information on the schedule for tax refunds in Spain? Is the Commission concerned about the poor results from fiscal revenue minus the pending refunds in relation to the tax increases that have been imposed?

The Commission did not receive information on the schedule for tax refunds in Spain. The evolution of tax revenues has to be seen in the context of the sharp contraction of the Spanish economy registered in and and the structural shift away from domestic demand towards net exports, which is generally less tax-intensive. Against this background, it is not surprising that tax revenues have not developed strongly despite a number of measures aimed at raising revenues.

Given our concerns about the food supply chain and its integrity, is the Commission considering changing these requirements to include details of the degree of purity of calcium carbonate so that buyers are aware of the content and feed manufacturers can provide assurances to farmers about the quality of the feed produced with calcium carbonate?

Calcium carbonate is a feed material obtained by grinding limestone or by precipitation from acid solution. The Commission has no evidence about the widespread use of Calcium carbonate with high level of impurities. Naturally, the purity of the feed material varies depending from the respective source and the manufacturing method. Thus, the integrity of the feed chain is assured. La lunga guerra civile ha lasciato il paese in condizioni disperate di sottosviluppo e arretratezza, senza infrastrutture e con la maggioranza della popolazione priva del minimo necessario per la sopravvivenza.

Purtroppo, dalla fine del violenti scontri stanno insanguinando il paese, provocando migliaia di vittime e mezzo milione di sfollati. Quali azioni intende intraprendere per portare aiuto alla martoriata popolazione del Sud Sudan? L'UE giudica allarmante la situazione nel Sud Sudan. L'UE continua a fornire assistenza umanitaria urgente a chi ne ha bisogno. La Commissione europea sta predisponendo l'erogazione di 50 milioni di EUR nel per rispondere all'aggravarsi della crisi umanitaria nel paese. The lengthy civil war left the country in a desperately underdeveloped and backward state.

It had no infrastructure and most of its people lacked the basic necessities for survival. Unfortunately, since late the country has been shaken by violent, bloody clashes, which have made thousands of victims and forced half a million people from their homes. Because of the fighting, the humanitarian situation is now terrible: food and water are running short for the thousands of homeless; many families have been split up during the clashes; and worrying news is coming in of children being used as soldiers in the militias.

The fierceness of the armed clashes and the resulting lack of security in the area make it difficult, if not impossible, to reach and deliver help to the people who need it. Is the High Representative aware of this terrible situation? What does she intend to do in order to deliver aid to the tormented people of South Sudan?

The human toll on the people has been huge and we are also concerned that the ongoing crisis risks affecting the wider region. We have welcomed the signing of a ceasefire agreement and insist on its immediate implementation. We call for an inclusive political and reconciliation process. The EU has also offered equipment to the cease-fire monitoring mechanism to facilitate its swift deployment. The EU has welcomed the African Union's commitment to establish a Commission of Enquiry to look into the human rights violations that took place since the outbreak of the crisis and is exploring avenues to strengthen our support in this field.

We continue to provide lifesaving humanitarian assistance to those in need. Oggetto: Drammatica situazione dei rifugiati siriani in Giordania. In Giordania, la maggior parte delle famiglie siriane rifugiate vive in alloggi in affitto, spesso sovraffollati e in condizioni strutturali e igienico-sanitarie precarie. L'UE ha preso la guida della risposta internazionale alla crisi siriana in termini umanitari e di sviluppo e ha mobilitato un sostegno complessivo di oltre 2,6 miliardi di EUR proveniente dalla Commissione e dagli Stati membri.

Vengono inoltre attuati programmi di protezione per le donne e i bambini, che comprendono anche un sostegno psicologico. La Commissione segue con attenzione la situazione umanitaria dei rifugiati siriani in Giordania attraverso il suo ufficio regionale di Amman. Living conditions for these refugees are terrible: far from their own land and their friends and relatives, they have left behind their work, their homes and everything they owned, as well as the stability and daily routine that the outbreak of fighting destroyed.

Most Syrian refugee families in Jordan live in rented accommodation, which is often overcrowded and in poor structural and sanitary condition. Finding work is not easy as the unemployment rate is high, and it is becoming increasingly difficult for these families to support themselves. With the worsening violence in Syria in recent weeks, the stream of new arrivals in Jordan has increased markedly, and around people arrive in a state of need every single day. Women and children make up more than half of these Syrian refugees. They are the most vulnerable and most at risk; they face the greatest dangers even after escaping from Syria and they are the first to suffer from the lack of resources at their destination.

What steps does the Commission intend to take to restore respect for human rights and to provide these Syrian refugees with humanitarian aid and psychological support? Answer given by Commissioner Georgieva on behalf of the Commission. It provides Syrian refugees with life-saving assistance and aid to host-communities. It also comprises protection programmes for women and children, including the provision of psychological support. This support includes strengthening reception capacities at borders and improving refugee camp security management and governance structures.

The Commission is closely monitoring the humanitarian situation of Syrian refugees in Jordan through its regional office in Amman. Dal marzo le piogge sono state del tutto assenti nell'area del Ciulo, in Angola. La situazione peggiora di giorno in giorno e le prossime piogge sono previste per fine febbraio. Quali azioni intende predisporre per arginare l'emergenza? Stiamo inoltre monitorando alcuni focolai di colera, ma il governo non ha ancora sollecitato assistenza da parte nostra. The situation is getting worse every day and the next rains are not expected until the end of February.

This drought has had devastating consequences: food stocks ran out a couple of months ago, the latest harvest was lost and water courses in the area have now run dry. Women and children, suffering from dehydration and malnutrition, must go further and further to find water, which is often stagnant, putrid and therefore a carrier of disease. Although no microbiological tests are available, it is clear that the water is contaminated and contributes to the spread of typhoid, amoebiasis and dysentery.

Is the Commission aware of this situation? What action does it intend to take to deal with the emergency? The EC has been following the humanitarian situation in Southern Africa, including the droughts that have plagued Angola since Those led to saving over lives of children suffering from acute malnutrition and raised the issue in the government response to emergencies and in the programming of the Ministry of Health. The Delegation is committed to ensure sustainability and scaling up of these results.

Early-January rains appear to have slightly alleviated the situation but hardship still remains. We have also been monitoring a series of cholera epidemics but the government has not solicited assistance yet. It also participates in the nutrition group, led by the Ministry of Health department for nutrition, to improve general policies on the treatment of under nutrition and to reduce vulnerability.

Un articolo apparso domenica sul sito web di un noto quotidiano statunitense ha suscitato una forte ondata di polemiche a causa di numerose informazioni errate in merito alle importazioni di olio d'oliva italiano. An article that appeared on Sunday on the website of a well-known US newspaper has sparked a wave of controversy as it contained a great deal of incorrect information regarding imports of Italian olive oil.

The article mentioned two adulteration practices allegedly used during olive oil production, namely cutting the olive oil with other, cheaper oils such as soybean oil, and the simultaneous addition of beta-carotene and chlorophyll to mask the colour and flavour of the oil. Nevertheless, the article represents a severe, defamatory attack on the quality and excellence of our product.

What steps does the Commission intend to take against the smear campaign in the United States, which discredits food safety policy in Europe? Does the Commission intend to suspend, as seems reasonable, negotiations on free trade agreements with the United States until the above matter is cleared up? The Commission is aware of the newspaper article referred to by the Honourable Member. The Commission has been in close contact with the U.

The Commission in coordination with the concerned Member States will continue to monitor the situation in the U. Oggetto: Richieste di finanziamento da parte dell'opposizione ucraina. The situation in Ukraine has evolved significantly in recent weeks. The EU fully supports efforts of the new Ukrainian Government to stabilise the situation and pursue constitutional and other reforms, as well as free, fair and transparent Presidential elections. An inclusive Government that reaches out to all Ukrainian regions and population groups to ensure full protection of national minorities is essential.

The EU is also pursuing restrictive measures for persons identified as responsible for human rights violations or misappropriation of State funds, as well as measures aimed at encouraging de-escalation of the crisis in Crimea. The EU has been active in facilitating peaceful and negotiated solutions in Ukraine since the beginning of the crisis. Insecurity among particular sections of the Spanish population has reached unprecedented levels. The impunity with which certain elements of the State Security Forces are acting is a reflection of a society in which the perpetrators of Francoist crimes have never been brought to justice.

The case described below is one of the most extreme examples of how certain public institutions are failing to protect the victims of crimes committed during the dictatorship. The daughter of a union member who was murdered in , Gema has lent her support to the case against the crimes of Francoism which is being heard by the Argentinian courts. Since doing so, both Gema and her family have received threats from extreme-right groups, who have even gone as far as to scrawl death threats on the walls of her house. Faced with this situation, Gema has been requesting that measures be taken to protect her and her family.

However, she has effectively been left completely unprotected, and it is the prevailing culture of impunity in Spain which is to blame for this. This situation has resulted in the relative of a victim of Francoist repression failing to receive protection in a city where a criminal from that era continues to exercise authority. The Commission will be able to assess Member States' compliance with the provisions of the directive only after the transposition period expires.

Currently, the Commission is actively assisting Member States in correct and timely transposition by issuing a guidance document, organising workshops and expert meetings. Zudem darf Surfverhalten aufgezeichnet und zwei Jahre lang gespeichert werden. Daraufhin wurden Hunderte Aktivisten festgenommen, die im Internet zu Demonstrationen aufgerufen hatten. Februar in Kraft getreten. Februar zum Ausdruck gebracht. Numerosi esponenti della stampa turca hanno accusato le forti pressioni politiche subite da diversi gruppi editoriali da parte di politici o dagli stessi consigli di amministrazione, i cui membri sono spesso vicino a figure politiche rilevanti.

In questo modo, a farne le spese sono quei giornalisti che restano fedeli all'indipendenza che dovrebbe caratterizzare gli organi di stampa, puniti spesso anche con il licenziamento. A luglio, la Tgs, l'Unione Giornalisti turchi, ha reso noto che i reporter che hanno perso il loro posto di lavoro per aver coperto le rivolte di Gezi Parki sono stati Altri 37 sono stati spinti alle dimissioni.

La legge attende ora la firma del presidente per la ratifica definitiva. Oggetto: Provvedimenti assunti dal governo turco per un maggiore controllo di Internet. La legge desta tuttavia preoccupazione per il potere potenzialmente arbitrario della Presidenza delle telecomunicazioni e delle comunicazioni e l'assenza di una protezione e di garanzie giuridiche adeguate per le parti lese. In particolare, ogni singola interferenza nell'applicazione della legge in questione deve essere proporzionata allo scopo perseguito. Deze week zal het Turkse parlement stemmen over een wetsvoorstel tot wijziging van de verordening uit betreffende internetwebsites en de preventie van misdrijven door middel van die websites wet nr.

Sinds de invoering van de wet in zijn duizenden websites geblokkeerd. Het nieuwe voorstel is verontrustend omdat het onduidelijke definities bevat, willekeurige besluiten mogelijk maakt en de controle door de regering van internet en internetproviders vergroot. De vrijheid van meningsuiting, de vrijheid van de media en de rechtsstaat staan reeds onder steeds grotere druk in Turkije, het land dat het grootste aantal journalisten opsluit.

Wat is het oordeel van de Commissie over het voorstel tot wijziging van wet nr. Heeft de Commissie de onderwerpen vrijheid van meningsuiting, vrijheid van de media in verband met de huidige staatscrisis en de gebrekkige eerbiediging van de rechtsstaat recentelijk aan de orde gebracht bij rechtstreekse gesprekken met de Turkse regering? Betreft: Nieuwe Turkse internetwet: verdere inperking vrijheid van meningsuiting!

Het Turkse parlement is akkoord gegaan met een nieuwe internetwet. Hoe beoordeelt de Commissie de nieuwe Turkse internetwet die het de autoriteiten toestaat, naar believen, het internet te censureren — zonder tussenkomst van de rechter? Deelt de Commissie de mening dat dit een zeer ernstige, verdere inperking van de vrijheid van meningsuiting en expressie betekent?

Daarom heeft de Commissie herhaaldelijk benadrukt dat er eerder minder dan meer beperkingen op de media nodig zijn in Turkije. Welke conclusies trekt de Commissie hieruit? Welke gevolgen heeft dit voor de toetredingsonderhandelingen? Hij zei onder meer dat er teveel klachten zijn over ongeoorloofde druk van de Turkse regering op journalisten.

Deze uitspraken werden gedaan na vragen over de Turkse wet die het internetgebruik verder aan banden legt, wat manifest in strijd is met de criteria van Kopenhagen. De gewijzigde wet voert het evenredigheidsbeginsel in en schaft gevangenisstraffen voor internetaanbieders af. De wet geeft echter aanleiding tot ongerustheid wegens de mogelijk arbitraire bevoegdheid van de Turkse Telecommunicatie-autoriteit en het ontbreken van voldoende bescherming en rechtszekerheid voor de betrokken partijen.

Het toegangsverbod dat de Turkse autoriteiten aan Twitter en YouTube hebben opgelegd, geeft ook aanleiding tot zware ongerustheid. Het recente besluit van het Constitutioneel Hof bevestigt dat het algehele verbod op Twitter een inbreuk vormde op het grondwettelijke recht op vrijheid van meningsuiting. De Commissie verwacht van de Turkse autoriteiten dat ze een einde maken aan het verbod op YouTube en een goed evenwicht vinden tussen de nationale veiligheid en de vrijheid van meningsuiting.

Het Europees Hof voor de rechten van de mens heeft duidelijk gesteld dat elke inmenging in de uitoefening van deze vrijheden aan een strikt toezicht door de rechter is onderworpen vanwege het kardinale belang van de rechten in kwestie. Met name elke inmenging in de toepassing van deze wet moet in verhouding staan tot het beoogde doel. De Commissie zal nauw toezien op de tenuitvoerlegging van deze wet, met inbegrip van elke beperking van de vrijheid van meningsuiting die een gevolg kan zijn van de toepassing van de wet door de nationale autoriteiten, en zal hierover verslag uitbrengen in haar volgende voortgangsverslag.

Since its introduction in , thousands of websites have been blocked. The new proposal is worrying because it contains unclear definitions, allows for arbitrary decisions and would increase government control over the Internet and providers. Freedom of expression, freedom of the media, and the rule of law are already increasingly under threat in Turkey, which remains the biggest jailer of journalists. Does the Commission agree that freedom of expression is increasingly under threat in Turkey?

Has the Commission addressed the issues of freedom of expression, freedom of the media in relation to the ongoing state crisis, and the lack of respect for the rule of law, in direct talks with the Turkish government recently? If not, when will it do so? Furthermore, website hosting companies will have to follow a programme under direct ministerial control.

This will use a database to check the web pages visited by Turkish users for two years. The Turkish Government justifies these restrictions as controlling cases of paedophilia and so protecting children. A peaceful demonstration recently took place against these measures in Istanbul.

During it, however, there were many arrests. The Turkish Parliament has approved a new law on the Internet.

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What view does the Commission take of the new Turkish law on the Internet, which permits the authorities to censor the Internet in any way they choose without applying for a court order? Does the Commission agree that this is a very serious further restriction of freedom of expression?

Therefore, the Commission has consistently emphasised that fewer, rather than more restrictions on media are needed in Turkey. What conclusions does the Commission draw from this? What consequences will it have for the accession negotiations? A controversial law on controls over the Internet was recently proposed in the Turkish parliament. The new regulations provide the authorities with the means to block websites without a court order.

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Internet activity may also be monitored and the records stored for a period of two years. All this should allegedly serve to better protect personal rights on the Internet and to protect young people from damaging influences on the Internet such as drugs and pornography. In practice, the law gives the government the power to arbitrarily reach decisions regarding the blocking of content, and this equates to censorship.

Hundreds of activists who had called for demonstrations on the Internet were arrested as a result. What view does the Commission take of this further restriction of personal freedoms andcivil rights in Turkey? How does this proposal influence the accession negotiations that are currently taking place? The authorities are implementing new laws which will regulate the Internet more than ever before. As soon as the authorities inform them that a site is to be blocked, Internet service providers will have no more than four hours to do so.

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Service providers are also now obliged to retain data on users for two years and make them available to the authorities on demand. The demonstrations were broken up by the police using water cannons, tear gas and rubber bullets. Do the accession chapters which are open with Turkey include talks on the rights of citizens and Internet users? Recent developments in Turkey with the newly introduced Internet censorship represent a clear violation of human rights.

The so-called Internet reform seriously damages the right to freedom of expression, since the law allows the government telecommunications authorities to block any webpages at their own discretion, without any prior judicial decision. Moreover, the law gives the authorities the possibility of storing all access data for the websites visited by users for two years, which seriously compromises the right to privacy. What steps will the High Representative take to persuade the Turkish authorities, who appear not to have been swayed by the recent protests in the country, to put an end to these violations of fundamental rights?

In adopting a law recently imposing stricter controls on the Internet, the Turkish government is undermining the right to unrestricted use of the Internet. This law further restricts freedom of expression and communication and the right of citizens to free access to information. The new law allows the government authority responsible for telecommunications TIB to block any website at will, without the need for any judicial decision.

Freedom of expression is once again under attack in Turkey. The Department of Telecommunications will also have the power to require providers to block sites whose content violates privacy, without the prior authorisation of the courts. Since accession talks began, the Commission has so far limited itself to calling on Ankara to amend legal provisions that restrict freedom of expression. According to a number of representatives of the Turkish press, various editorial teams are being put under intense political pressure by political parties or by their own management boards, whose members are often close to powerful political figureheads.

And it is the journalists who remain loyal to the principles of independence — in short, the type of journalist that should be found in all press organisations — who are bearing the brunt of the situation, with punishments, and even sackings, often being metered out. The situation has grown even worse over the last week following the passing of a law, condemned by the opposition as a further nail in the coffin of freedom, that makes it easier for websites to be shut down and gives the Turkish Telecommunications Authority the power to monitor user activity on the Internet.

The law now only needs to be signed by the Turkish President in order to be ratified. The Turkish parliament has adopted an act permitting the state authorities to increase controls over the Internet. Defenders of online freedom of speech and the opposition are critical of the new law. Deputies of the Grand National Assembly have granted consent for the telecommunications office, without a court order, to block websites which it claims have breached privacy.

The Act provides for a register of user activity, which Internet service providers will be able to keep. This register will be kept for two years and made available to the authorities on request without notifying users. Is the Commission monitoring the observance of free speech over the Internet in Turkey on an on-going basis? Will the Commission raise this issue during membership negotiations and if so, how will it attempt to persuade Turkey to cease taking such legal measures? This was in response to questions regarding Turkish legislation imposing further restrictions on the use of Internet in obvious breach of the Copenhagen criteria.

The Turkish Government has voted on a set of regulations making it possible for its Information and Communication Technologies Authority to block web content, shut down websites and request information on their visitors, without the backing of warrants from the judiciary. As Turkey is one of the countries negotiating EU accession and ought, as such, to respect human rights and the precedents of the European Court of Human Rights, how does the Commission intend to intervene?

The amended law introduces the concept of proportionality and eliminates prison sentences for Internet Service Providers. However, it raises concerns related to the potentially arbitrary power of the Telecommunication Communications Presidency and to the absence of sufficient protection and legal safeguards for affected parties.

The access bans to Twitter and YouTube imposed by the Turkish authorities raise grave concerns. The recent decision of the Constitutional Court confirms that the blanket ban on Twitter constituted an infringement of the Constitutional right to freedom of expression. Accordingly, the Commission expects the Turkish authorities to lift the ban on YouTube and find the appropriate balance between national security and freedom of expression.

The Commission recalls that freedom of expression includes the freedom to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority. The European Court of Human Rights made it clear that any interference with the exercise of such freedoms requires strict supervision by the courts due to the cardinal importance of the rights in question.

In particular, any individual interference in the application of such law must be proportionate to the aim pursued. The Commission will closely monitor the implementation of this law, including any limitation imposed on freedom of expression as a result of its application by the national authorities, and will report on this issue in its forthcoming progress report. They can also be accessed on certain websites, but many people whose lives they directly affect have to go to great lengths by themselves in order to get hold of the official texts.

That is why I think that a lot more could be done on this point to reduce the democratic deficit and bring Europe closer to ordinary citizens. Several measures have been taken to link the content on the EUR-Lex website with law published at national level, in order to simplify access for citizens.

Certain Member States re-publish EU legislation in national gazettes. This decision falls under their sole responsibility. Visto il regolamento CE n. Il regolamento RDC non prevede uno stanziamento finanziario minimo per l'attuazione di ciascuna strategia di comunicazione. Considering that the aforementioned regulations make communication plans compulsory and stipulate that the relevant resources — for each programme under the Structural Funds — must be proportionate to the need for adequate information on these programmes;.

Considering that it has emerged that some of the individual management authorities responsible for implementing each communication plan — particularly in the case of undeveloped regions such as Sicily — are failing to comply with their obligation as regards communication plans, which are a vital tool for ensuring that regions and businesses are fully informed;. The Commission is not aware of any irregularity or breach of the obligations ensuing from the regulations with respect to communication activities in the regional programme for Sicily.

Should any evidence to the contrary emerge, the Commission will take all necessary steps to protect the EU's financial interests. The Commission will ensure that this provision will be respected. The CPR regulation does not provide for any minimum financial allocation for the implementation of each communication strategy.

On average, about 0. Accanto al Bitcoin, sta aumentando, in molte regioni italiane, ultima la Lombardia, la diffusione di una moneta virtuale regionale, con un rapporto di cambio fisso rispetto all'euro. Ritiene di dover direttamente disciplinare, attraverso accordi con Stati membri o accordi internazionali, l'emissione di tali valute parallele e le garanzie che devono essere sottese a qualsiasi valuta, per la natura di veicolo fiduciario che la valuta stessa riveste?

In caso affermativo, ha il potere di procedere di conseguenza, e come?

File talk:Spanish Empire Anachronous 0.PNG

Ad oggi le valute virtuali non sono regolamentate a livello di UE. Le conclusioni della task force sono attese per il mese di maggio Sulla base delle informazioni disponibili, il caso sembra presentare maggiori analogie con i buoni pasto o con buoni per altri servizi. Sulla base delle informazioni disponibili sul progetto in Lombardia ed esperienze di progetti simili come la sterlina di Bristol Bristol Pound , la Commissione nelle attuali circostanze non ritiene che questo tipo di progetti rischi di aggirare la BCE o di compromettere il processo istituzionale di integrazione europea.

In addition to Bitcoin, we are seeing the increasing spread of regional virtual currencies with a fixed exchange rate with the euro in many Italian regions, most recently Lombardy. Not fear a substantial by-passing of the European Central Bank and, therefore, the effective undermining of the entire institutional process of European integration given that the issuing of currency that can be converted into euros is equivalent to increasing the amount of money in circulation in the Eurozone?

Consider it should, via agreements with Member States or international agreements, directly regulate the issuing of these parallel currencies and the guarantees that have to underlie any currency, because it is a fiduciary vehicle? Have reason to think that transactions conducted in currencies other than the euro might by-pass the rules of proper accounting that the Treaties impose on Eurozone countries? If so, does it have the power to proceed accordingly, and how will it do so?

Consider that the potential unsustainability of financial situations expressed not in the euro but in currencies linked to it because they are issued by Eurozone countries, should be taken in charge by the competent authorities, at national and European level? Consider on the contrary that the issuing of parallel currencies linked to the euro is a tolerable phenomenon since it allows for an easing of the restrictions on the circulation of liquidity, or that it is in fact a phenomenon caused by the scarce availability of credit for supplying resources to the so-called real economy?

The Honourable Member is concerned by the current development of regional virtual currencies with a fixed exchange rate with the euro in many Italian regions. Virtual currencies are not subject to regulation at EU level at this stage. However, it would appear to the Commission that the initiative referred to by the Honourable Member is different from the Bitcoin-type of virtual currencies as it would seem limited to a certain region, has low acceptance, no ambition of global development and a fixed exchange rate only with the euro.

Based on the information available, a closer comparison would be restaurant or service vouchers. Based on the information available on the Lombard project and experiences with similar projects as the Bristol Pound, the Commission would not at this stage think that this kind of projects would lead to by-passing of the ECB or undermine the institutional process of European integration.

As regards the acconunting aspects, it would appear that it is for national authorities to ensure that all relevant legislation is complied with, including the correct payment of VAT for example. Nevertheless, the Commission will remain attentive to all developments in this area. In sostanza, la tecnologia della torcia al plasma permette di superare i limiti dell'inceneritore tradizionale, senza emissione di sostanze nocive diossine, furani, SVOC, ceneri volanti contenenti metalli pesanti.

Inoltre, permette di trattare non separatamente diversi tipi di rifiuti — tra cui quelli speciali, ospedalieri, industriali — dimostrandosi altamente competitiva nella gestione di quelli pericolosi. Some interesting research conducted by NASA has revealed the potential of a new technology that could be used for waste treatment, with benefits for the environment.

In brief, plasma torch technology makes it possible to exceed the temperature limits of conventional incinerators, without emissions of harmful substances dioxins, furans, SVOCs, and fly ash containing heavy metals. It also makes it possible to process various types of waste — including special, hospital and industrial waste — without separating them, which makes it a highly competitive technology for the management of hazardous wastes.

A further added value of the technology is the fact that plant output can be altered flexibly to suit seasonal variations in waste flows. This helps technology developers to differentiate from their competitors and reduces risks for customers and investors. Its Special Rapporteur, Pablo de Greiff, said that a state policy was needed as regards the victims of the Franco regime. The Special Rapporteur also drew attention to a number of other failings on the part of the government noted during his day visit to the country.

He stressed that the government needed to devise a state policy, and underlined the fact that many countries had adopted amnesty laws which did not prevent suspects from being prosecuted. The investigation will demonstrate the limited commitment of the Spanish institutions to the democratic memory of Spain and the fact that many of the relatives of the victims of the Civil War and the dictatorship have no means of legal redress whatsoever. Does it intend to launch infringement proceedings against Spain in respect of this matter?

The issue of the state policy as regards the victims of the Franco regime does not fall within the scope of Union law. Bilateral discussions will be held with Member States throughout this year with a view to ensuring full and correct transposition of the framework Decision into national law. However, it is for national authorities to apply the framework Decision at national level. This means that the directive will not be applicable until that date and that the Commission will carry out its evaluation of such transposition after that date.

Esto, como bien indicaba la respuesta de la Sra. However, this newspaper is continuing to provide evidence that ought to at least merit an investigation in any constitutional state. On this occasion, the newspaper presents a complete video, shot by a local NGO called Prodein, which relates to the gathering of migrants near the fencing by police in order to expel them.

This video has come about due to the concerns held by NGOs and civil society in Melilla owing to the clear infringement of laws which is taking place at their border and should merit an investigation. Even the Melilla branch of the Unified Association of Civil Guard Officers has declared that it does not doubt that these kinds of expulsions are taking place and that it has already asked the Attorney General to investigate the legality of these practices. Is the Commission aware of the published video concerning the expulsions of migrants in Melilla?

Does the Commission intend to launch an investigation to ascertain the veracity of these unlawful expulsions? If these irregular expulsions are confirmed to have taken place, what sanctions might the Commission consider imposing on the Spanish Government? In the context of this bilateral exchange between the Commission and Spanish authorities, the situation in Melilla is also being addressed.

The Commission will examine the information received from Spain and closely monitor further developments. Bankia is one of the companies that has benefited the most under the new legislation on deferred tax assets DTAs which has been approved by the Spanish Government. A thorough asset quality review of the European banking industry will be conducted in in order to gain first-hand information about the exact situation of the European banks that are under the supervision of the European Central Bank. Does the Commission take the view that the Spanish Government has granted state aid to the entire Spanish banking industry by means of DTAs, and that Bankia in particular has benefited from this?

Does the Commission believe that non-Spanish-owned European banks have been subject to distorted competition as a result of DTAs? Currently, and according to the information presented by the Spanish authorities, the Commission has no indication that the Spanish Government's measures are materially selective and, therefore, that state aid may be involved.

Given this, the Commission has not started any ex officio action. Moreover, the Commission cannot make any official statement on the aid nature of the measures in the absence of a concrete notification. Therefore, the Commission is not in a position to give an opinion on the nature of these measures or on their potential impact on market competition, and, for the moment, does not deem it necessary to investigate the matter further.

Does the Commission not think that this measure is discouraging consumers from energy-efficient power consumption? Does the Commission believe that this is a good way of dealing with the tariff deficit that is building up in the Spanish electricity industry? Does the Commission believe that this measure is tackling the issue of energy poverty? The Commission is at this stage still collecting information to assess Spain's reforms in the electricity sector, in particular concerning the measures taken to deal with the tariff deficit and impacts on energy efficiency.

The Commission is however concerned that the reforms in the electricity sector, although going in the right direction, may not be sufficient to reach their objectives effectively. Vulnerable consumers tend to use, in general, less energy than the average consumer, and their energy bills may consequently rise following the increase in the fixed charge. Cypriot Minister for Foreign Affairs, Ioannis Kasoulides, stated that this was absolutely unacceptable. The EU also stressed the need to respect the sovereignty of Member States over their territorial sea.

Can the Commission provide some information regarding the state of progress of the case and specify the date on which a decision will be reached? The Commission is currently investigating the matter and cannot indicate an expected decision date. In presenza di prove che attestino eventuali infrazioni della normativa ambientale, la Commissione prende le misure appropriate.

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Per quanto riguarda le misure proattive per intervenire sulle emergenze ambientali e sanitarie, la Commissione non intende intraprendere azioni specifiche, dal momento che tali questioni rientrano tra le competenze degli Stati membri. The environmental degradation to which a number of local areas are subject, especially in countries such as Italy, is certainly a phenomenon of the utmost concern to citizens and Institutions at various levels.

Recently, the gravity of this phenomenon, and in particular its severe repercussions on the health of citizens especially young children , have become increasingly evident, revealing years of criminal exploitation of the territory of the Community and its resources and jeopardising, if not precluding, future prospects for Community development.

With regard to Italy, it is sufficient to cite the striking example of Terra dei Fuochi, the tip of an iceberg representing a far more widespread phenomenon. What proactive measures are contemplated by the Commission in the face of situations of downright environmental and health emergency?

What, currently, are the financial and other resources at the disposal of regional communities affected by high levels of environmental degradation? It is primarily for the authorities of Member States — administrative and judicial — to safeguard the health of their citizens and environment and to secure compliance with the applicable EU environmental law.

Where there is evidence of a possible infringement of this law, the Commission takes the appropriate action. The Commission is not planning to take specific actions on proactive measures to intervene on environmental and health emergency issues as these fall under the responsibility of Member States. The programme for Campania provides for the possibility to fund the reclamation of contaminated sites under priority I within the framework of the Regional plan establishing the priority areas for reclamation interventions Piano regionale bonifiche. However, in line with the shared management principle used for the management of Structural funds, project selection and implementation is the responsibility of the national authorities.

For more information the Commission therefore suggests that the Honourable Member contact directly the managing authority of programme:. Remiantis m. A unique network of many thousands of European public libraries helps to actively pursue the targets of the Europe strategy, especially in the fields of the digital agenda, social exclusion and lifelong learning. Libraries allow people to study at their own pace and in their own time. An impressive fact is that the number of respondents the Romani, disabled, elderly and unemployed people who claimed that public libraries are the only place they can take advantage of the Internet is equal to the number of residents in the four least densely populated EU Member States.

Does the Commission not believe that it would be appropriate to recognise the status of a public library as a non-formal educational institution in EU strategic documents so that they could make more extensive use of EU structural support in accordance with related policies, thereby contributing to the further progress of society and EU priority objectives? A unique multi-thousand network of European public libraries helps to actively pursue the targets of the Europe strategy, especially in the fields of digital agenda, social exclusion and lifelong learning.

A very impressive fact is that the number of respondents the Romani, disabled, elderly and unemployed people claiming that the public library is the only place where they can take advantage of the Internet would be equal to the number of residents in the four least densely populated EU countries. Does the Commission not believe that it would be appropriate to recognise the status of the public library, as a non-formal educational institution, in EU strategic documents, so that they could make more extensive use of EU structural support in accordance with the related policies, thereby contributing to the further progress of society and EU priority objectives?

Access to free public computers and Internet — in libraries or elsewhere — is clearly important for the social inclusion of otherwise excluded groups, particularly for job-seekers. Public libraries therefore contribute to meeting the objectives of the Europe strategy, especially in the fields of the digital agenda, social inclusion and lifelong learning. While supporting public libraries and ensuring high-quality services is primarily a matter of national or local competence, public libraries are eligible to apply for funding under the new Creative Europe programme.

There are no provisions at EU level for recognising the status of libraries as non-formal educational institution. Can it determine approximately the timetable for adopting and ratifying each of these agreements? What possibilities are available to Member States during the course of the procedure and at what stage may they submit objections relating to specific issues in such agreements or even veto them?

The Council is kept informed by the Commission on the progress made in these negotiations. Given that the negotiations are still ongoing, the Council is not in a position, at this early stage, to give a more detailed answer regarding any sticking points and the possible timetable for adopting and ratifying this agreement. The text of the draft agreement has not yet been initialled and the Commission has not yet submitted the formal proposals for the Council decisions to sign and conclude the agreement. Therefore, at this stage, it is also premature for the Council to take a view on the content of the agreement, as well as on the possible timetable for its adoption and ratification.

The Commission conducts these negotiations within the framework of directives issued by the Council and in consultation with the Trade Policy Committee. It is through the Trade Policy Committee that Member States have an opportunity to assess the progress of negotiations. The formal examination of the text of an agreement starts once the Commission submits to the Council a proposal for the Council decision to sign the agreement. It is premature, at this stage of negotiations, to speculate about the exact duration of negotiations.

Both sides are committed to a vigorous pace of negotiations, all while ensuring that substance will prevail over speed. What remains to be done is to finalise the remaining technical and legal issues. Once the legal review and the translation of the text into all EU official languages have been completed, the text will be sent to the Council, which is responsible for the decisions on its signature and provisional application if that is the case and on the conclusion of the agreement.